Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, BDI-II)


Purpose of the measure

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is one of the most widely used screening instruments for measuring the severity of depression in both adults and adolescents over the age of 13 (McDowell & Newell, 1996). The inventory is composed of items relating to depressive symptoms such as:

  • hopelessness and irritability
  • cognitions (such as guilt or feelings of being punished)
  • physical symptoms (such as fatigue, weight loss, and lack of interest in sex).

The BDI can be used, but is not limited to, persons with stroke.

Author*: Lisa Zeltzer, MSc OT;
Editors: Nicol Korner-Bitensky, PhD OT; Elissa Sitcoff, BA BSc

Evidence reviewed as of before 19-08-2008

NOTE: *The authors have no direct financial interest in any tools, tests or interventions presented in StrokEngine.