The NIHSS is a 15-item impairment scale, intended to evaluate neurologic outcome and degree of recovery for patients with stroke. The scale assesses level of consciousness, extraocular movements, visual fields, facial muscle function, extremity strength, sensory function, coordination (ataxia), language (aphasia), speech (dysarthria), and hemi-inattention (neglect) (Lyden, Lu, & Jackson, 1999; Lyden, Lu, & Levine, 2001). The NIHSS was designed to assess differences in interventions in clinical trials, although its use is increasing in patient care as an initial assessment tool and in planning postacute care disposition (Schlegel et al., 2003; Schlegel, Tanne, Demchuk, Levine, & Kasner, 2004).
Author*: Lisa Zeltzer, MSc OT;
Editors: Nicol Korner-Bitensky, PhD OT; Elissa Sitcoff, BA BSc
Evidence reviewed as of before 19-08-2008
tests or interventions presented in StrokEngine.