Purpose of the measure
The NIHSS is a 15-item impairment scale, intended to evaluate
neurologic outcome and degree of recovery for patients with stroke. The
scale assesses level of consciousness, extraocular movements, visual
fields, facial muscle function, extremity strength, sensory function,
coordination (ataxia), language (aphasia), speech (dysarthria), and
hemi-inattention (neglect) (Lyden, Lu, & Jackson, 1999; Lyden, Lu,
& Levine, 2001). The NIHSS was designed to assess differences in
interventions in clinical trials, although its use is increasing in
patient care as an initial assessment tool and in planning postacute
care disposition (Schlegel et al., 2003; Schlegel, Tanne, Demchuk,
Levine, & Kasner, 2004).
Author*: Lisa Zeltzer, MSc OT;
Editors: Nicol Korner-Bitensky, PhD OT; Elissa Sitcoff, BA BSc
Evidence reviewed as of before 19-08-2008
tests or interventions presented in StrokEngine.