Aphasia

Aphasia is a language impairment that typically results from damage to the left hemisphere of the brain and consequently, is a common impairment after stroke. The resulting language dysfunctions are roughly classified as expressive (Broca’s aphasia) or receptive (Wernicke’s aphasia).

An individual with Broca’s aphasia has a partial or total inability to speak or produce spontaneous speech. They often have no difficulty understanding others, however, thoughts and intentions are difficult to express and may be non-fluent in nature. This form of aphasia can also affect written communication.

An individual with Wernicke’s aphasia has a partial or total inability to understand spoken and sometimes written language. Expression of language may be fluent in nature, but is not comprehensible.

The symptoms of global aphasia are those of severe Broca’s aphasia and Wernicke’s aphasia combined. There is an almost total reduction of all aspects of spoken and written language, in expression as well as comprehension.

Authors*: Amy Henderson PhD student, Sandra Bélisle-L’Anglais, Julie-France Hénault, Lyna Kaing, Caroline Lévesque, Sia Ching Tran, Véronique Vaillant, Adam Kagan BSc, Annabel McDermott BOccThy

Expert reviewer: Rosemary Martino

Evidence reviewed as of before 13-02-2012

NOTE: *The authors have no direct financial interest in any tools, tests or interventions presented in StrokEngine.