Cognitive skills are characterized as basic mental abilities, including a wide variety of mental processes. For example, perception, memory, problem solving, attention, body awareness in addition to many others. Cognitive abilities can be perceived as fundamental processes since they can shape social, emotional, as well as academic learning. In individuals who have sustained a stroke, these skills may be altered resulting in deficits in several areas of functioning such as communication, self-care, productivity and leisure. Cognitive rehabilitation is based upon scientific theories that have been derived from various disciplines including cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurolinguistics, and language and cognitive development. It is a treatment that comprises both medical and therapeutic services, specifically aimed at restoring as many cognitive functions as possible while proposing different compensatory strategies to more fully cope with cognitive deficits. The aim of this module is to address the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation for improving attention deficits and memory in patients who have suffered a stroke.
Authors*: Tatiana Ogourtsova, MSc BSc OT, Adam Kagan, B.Sc.; Amy Henderson, PhD Student, Neuroscience; Dr. Nicol Korner-Bitensky PhD OT
Editors: Annabel McDermott, OT
Evidence reviewed as of before 20-04-2017