Task-oriented training involves practicing real-life tasks (such as walking or answering a telephone), with the intention of acquiring or reacquiring a skill (defined by consistency, flexibility and efficiency). The tasks should be challenging and progressively adapted and should involve active participation (Wolf & Winstein, 2009). It is important to note that it differs from repetitive training, where a task is usually divided into component parts and then reassembled into an overall task once each component is learned. Repetitive training is usually considered a bottom-up approach, and is missing the end-goal of acquiring a skill. Task-oriented training can involve the use of a technological aid as long as the technology allows the patient to be actively involved. Task-oriented training is also sometimes called task-specific training, goal-directed training, and functional task practice. This particular module focuses on task-oriented training intended specifically to improve lower extremity function and mobility.
Authors*: Tatiana Ogourtsova, MSc BSc OT, Adam Kagan, B.Sc., Dr. Nicol Korner-Bitensky PhD OT
Expert reviewer: Nancy Salbach, PhD PT
Evidence reviewed as of before 01-09-2016