ADL Profile

Overview

A literature search was conducted to identify all relevant publications on the psychometric properties of the ADL Profile relevant to individuals with stroke. Two studies were found.

Floor/Ceiling Effects

No studies have reported ceiling effects of the ADL Profile in clients with stroke.

Reliability

Internal Consistency:
No studies have reported on the internal consistency of the ADL Profile in clients with stroke.

Inter-rater reliability:
Dell’Aniello-Gauthier (1994) reported that the ADL Profile demonstrates adequate inter-rater reliability (mean kappa = 0.58-0.68) for 3 ADL tasks: preparing a hot meal, eating and obtaining information.

Intra-rater reliability:
No studies have reported on the intra-rater reliability of the ADL Profile in patients with stroke.

Test-retest reliability:
No studies have reported on the test-retest reliability of the ADL Profile in patients with stroke.

Validity

Content

The ADL Profile was established through literature reviews & consultation with expert researchers and clinicians (Dutil et al., 2005).

Construct

Convergent Validity:
Gervais (1995) found significant correlations between 5 tasks of the ADL Profile related to personal care and corresponding tasks of the Functional Independence Measure (Kendall’s tau c = 0.40-0.73; p<.001).

Criterion

No studies have reported on the criterion validity of the ADL Profile.

Responsiveness

No studies have examined the responsiveness of the ADL Profile.

References
  • Azegami M., Ohira M., Miyoshi K., Kobayashi C., Hongo M., Yanagihashi R., & Sadoyama T. (2007) Effect of single and multi-joint lower extremity muscle strength on the functional capacity and ADL/IADL status in Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Nursing & Health Sciences, 9(3), 168-176.
  • Bottari, C., Dutil, C., Dassa, C., & Rainville, C. (2006) Choosing the most appropriate environment to evaluate independence in everyday activities: Home or clinic? Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 53, 98-106.
  • Bottari, C., Dassa, C., Rainville, C., & Dutil, C. (2010a). A Generalizability Study of the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Profile. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91, 734-42
  • Bottari, C., Dassa, C., Rainville, C., & Dutil, C. (2010b). The IADL Profile: Development, content validity, intra- and interrater agreement. The Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 77 (2), 90-101.
  • Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists. (2012). ADL Profile. Retrieved from: http://www.caot.ca/default.asp?pageid=1438
  • Crochard, K. (1987). Les activités du GESCOM en 1986. Paris: Centre national d’études des telecommunications.
  • Dell’Anniello-Gauthier, M. (1994). Étude métrologique du mini-profil, instrument de mesure du statut fonctionnel des personnes âgées victimes d’un accident vasculaire cérébral. Sherbrooke, Québec : Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Dutil, E., Bottari, C., Vanier, M., & Gaudreault, C. (2005). ADL Profile: description of the instrument. 4th ed. Montréal: Les Éditions Émersion.
  • Dutil, E., Bottari, C., Vanier, M. & Gaudreault, C. (2005). Profil des AVQ: Description de l’outil, 4th ed. Montréal: Les Éditions Émersion.
  • Fougeyrollas, P. Saint-Michel, G. & Blouin, M. (1989). Propostition d’une révision du 3e niveau de la CIDIH: le handicap. [Proposition for a revision of the 3rd level of the International Classification of Handicaps: the handicap]. Réseau International CIDIH, 2 (1), 9-32.
  • Gervais N. (1995). Comparaison du profil des AVQ et de la mesure d’indépendance fonctionnelle: validité de trait. Montréal: Université de Montréal.
  • Kielhofner, G. (1995). A Model of Human Occupation: Theory and Application. USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Klein, S., Barlow, I. & Hollis, V. (2008). Evaluating ADL measures from an occupational therapy perspective. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 75: 69-81.
  • Lawton, P. (1983). Environment and other determinants of well-being in older people. The Gerontologist, 23, 349-357.
  • Luria, A.R. (1973). The Working Brain – An Introduction to Neuropsychology. New York: Basic Books.
  • Semkovska, M., Bedard, M.A., Godbout, L., Limoge, F., & Stip, E. (2004) Assessment of executive dysfunction during activities of daily living in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 69: 289-300