For the purposes of this review, we conducted a literature search to identify all relevant publications on the psychometric properties of the Semi-Structured Scale for the Functional Evaluation of Hemi-inattention as a measure of USN. Although easy to use, this tool has only minimal evidence of validity (Menon & Korner-Bitensky, 2004). More testing is required regarding the reliability and validity of the scale.
Internal consistency (inter-item correlations):
Zoccolotti et al. (1992) assessed the inter-item correlations of the scale and found that items within the personal subscale had adequate correlations ranging from r = 0.57 to r = 0.62, and items within the extra personal subscale had adequate correlations ranging from r = 0.44 to r = 0.71.
Zoccolotti et al. (1992) found excellent inter-rater reliability for both the personal neglect items and extra personal neglect items of the scale (r = 0.88 and r = 0.96, respectively). However, in this study, raters underwent intense training, which may limit the generalizability of these findings.
Zoccolotti et al. (1992) assessed the concurrent validity of the scale by comparing correlations of the personal and extra personal subscales with performance on four standard diagnostic tests for USN: Line Cancellation Test, Letter Cancellation Test, Wundt-Jastrow Area Illusion Test, and Sentence Reading Test. The extra personal subscale correlated with each conventional test (kendall tau = -0.60; -0.52; 0.20; and -0.40, respectively). Performance on the personal subscale did not correlate with performance on these conventional tests. According to the authors, the failure of the personal subscale to correlate with conventional tests suggests that conventional and personal tests measure different dimensions of neglect. The personal subscale requires further validation.
Zoccolotti et al. (1992) examined the responsiveness of the scale and found that the personal neglect subscale was not responsive to clinical change following rehabilitation; however the extra personal subscale was responsive to clinical change after rehabilitative treatment.
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Plummer, P., Morris, M. E., Dunai, J. (2003). Assessment of unilateral neglect. Phys Ther, 83(8), 732-740.
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Zoccolotti, P., Antonucci, G., Judica, A. (1992). Psychometric characteristics of two semi-structured scales for the functional evaluation of hemi-inattention in extrapersonal and personal space. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 2, 179-191.