Draw-A-Man Test

 

Draw-A-Man Test Evaluation Summary

  What does the tool measure? Unilateral Spatial Neglect (USN) in the personal and extrapersonal space (as well as the presence of anosagnosia).
Other constructs: intellectual ability/cognitive function/body image.
  What types of clients can the tool be used for? Adults with stroke
  Is this a screening or assessment tool? Screening
Time to administer Less than 5 minutes.
  Versions Quantitative 10-point scoring method of the Draw-A-Man Test
Other Languages Not applicable.
Measurement Properties
  Reliability

– No studies have examined the internal consistency of the Draw-A-Man Test.
– Two studies have examined the test-retest reliability of the Draw-A-Man Test and both reported adequate test-retest.
– One study examined the inter-rater reliability of the Draw-A-Man Test and reported excellent inter-rater.

  Validity

Construct: 
Convergent:.
Correlated with activities of daily living (ADL) performance measured by the Klein-Bell ADL Scale.

Known groups:
The Draw-A-Man Test was able to discriminate patients with personal neglect from those without personal neglect.

  Does the tool detect change in patients? Not applicable.
  Acceptability The Draw-A-Man Test should be used as a screening tool rather than for clinical diagnosis of USN. Apraxia must be ruled out as this may affect the validity of test results. This test cannot be completed by proxy. Patients must be able to hold a pencil. Patients with hemiparesis on their dominant side may have difficulty completing the test.
Feasibility The Draw-A-Man Test takes only 5 minutes to complete and requires minimal training to score (must be able to distinguish homogenous unilateral body parts from homogenous bilateral body parts). Only simple equipment is required (a pencil and paper).
How to obtain the tool? All that is required is a blank piece of paper (8.5×11) entitled “Draw an Entire Man”, and a pencil. The patient is asked to draw an entire man from memory.