DASH Evaluation Summary
|What does the tool measure?||Upper extremity disability and pain|
|What types of clients can the tool be used for?||Individuals with musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb|
|Is this a screening or assessment tool?||Assessment|
|Time to administer||5 minutes|
|Other Languages||Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (Taiwan), Czech, Danish, Dutch, English (Australia), English (Hong Kong), English (South Africa), Finnish, French Canadian, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian (Iran), Polish, Portugese (Brazil), Portugese (Portugal), Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhala (Sri Lanka), Spanish (Argentina), Spanish (Puerto Rico), Spanish (Spain), Swedish, Thai, Turkish|
|Reliability|| Internal consistency
No studies have reported on the internal consistency of the DASH among patients with stroke.
– The DASH was developed by item generation (clinical expert input, literature review and patient focus groups) and item reduction (expert review, and psychometric and clinimetric analysis).
– 1 study that examined the content validity of the DASH in a sample of patients with stroke suggested a disordered rating scale structure and item hierarchy that is not suitable for clinical use.
|Floor/Ceiling Effects||No studies have reported on the floor/ceiling effects of the DASH among patients with stroke.|
|Does the tool detect change in patients?||No studies have reported on the responsiveness among patients with stroke.|
|Acceptability||The DASH is simple to comprehend, quick to complete and is comprised of real-life, non-gender specific items. Due to limited research regarding patient acceptance, this tool may be more suitable for patients with mild impairment.|
|Feasibility||The DASH is a versatile measure that can be used for clinical or research purposes. However there is insufficient research regarding use of the DASH with patients with stroke and concerns that without testing, the clinical utility of the DASH remains unknown.|
|How to obtain the tool?||Visit the DASH website for more information: http://www.dash.iwh.on.ca/home|
* Initially developed for a traumatic-brain injured population, the psychometric properties of the tool with this population are described in the administration guide of the too