Stroke Arm Ladder Evaluation Summary
|What does the tool measure?||Upper extremity function following stroke.|
|What types of clients can the tool be used for?||Can be used with clients with stroke.|
|Is this a screening or assessment tool?||Assessment tool|
|Time to administer||Not yet reported.|
|Versions||There are no alternative versions.|
|Other Languages||There are no official translations.|
|Reliability|| Internal Consistency
– 1 study examined the internal consistency to be excellent.
|Validity|| Convergent/Divergent Reliability
– 1 study examinedÂ convergent validityÂ of the Stroke Arm Ladder and reportedÂ excellent correlations between the Stroke Arm Ladder and theÂ Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement; and poor correlation between the Stroke Arm Ladder and the mental and emotional health subsets of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 [link to this assessment].
Known Groups Validity
– 1 study examined known groups validity and found that the Stroke Arm Ladder could differentiate between the two extremes of stroke severity: mild and severe.
– 1 study examined the content validity [link to definition] of the Stroke Arm Ladder and confirmed the hierarchial sequencing of the items using Rasch analysis.
|Floor/Ceiling Effects||1 study examined floor/ceiling effects and found no floor or ceiling effects in a sample population of patients with stroke ranging from mild to severe. Please note that the Stroke Arm Ladder has only been tested on patients up to 7 months post-stroke.|
|Does the tool detect change in patients?||Not yet assessed.|
|Acceptability||Results support preliminary validation of the psychometric properties, however further research is needed before the tool is ready for use clinically.|
|Feasibility||The administration of the Stroke Arm Ladder is easy and simple to administer. The Stroke Arm Ladder provides a more comprehensive all-encompassing evaluation tool for evaluation and monitoring of upper extremity function.|
|How to obtain the tool?||Information on the Stroke Arm Ladder can be obtained from the Higgins, Finch, Kopec & Mayo (2011) study.|